Besides being used for the preparation of delicious dishes, saffron has always been so valuable that it was originally also used as a goods for trade barteringg, as well as a medicine and as a colouring agent. The colour of saffron when use to dye fabrics in that period gave such unique shade that owning such a garment conferred great prestige to those who wore it.
In addition, saffron has many therapeutic properties, from its beneficial effects on the nervous system as a natural antidepressant, to the antioxidant properties which benefit not only the memory, but also the skin thus resulting in its use in cosmetics. The high vitamin A concentration helps to reduce problems with eye sight in old age, it is also an excellent anti-inflammatory, both with regard to inflammation of the respiratory tract (asthma) and for muscle and digestive system inflammation. Finally, it has analgesic properties (reducing various kinds of pain), it is excellent in fighting diabetes (regulating the level of sugar) and for the health of the heart as it lowers blood pressure and reduces cholesterol.
Among curiosities regarding saffron we should include its aphrodisiac properties for men, while remembering the risk of miscarriage following the consumption of at least 10g for women.